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Surgical Dentistry is a specialty of dentistry which deals with the diagnosis and surgical management of anomalies and pathological processes of the teeth and their supporting structures.

Treatment is normally carried out on an out-patient basis under local anaesthesia supplemented if appropriate by sedation.

There are different types of surgical denistry:

Dental implant surgery
A typical implant consists of a titanium screw, with a roughened surface. This surface is treated either by plasma spraying, etching or sandblasting to increase the integration potential of the implant. At edentulous  jaw sites, a pilot hole is bored into the recipient bone, taking care to avoid vital structures .

Orthognathic surgery

Orthognathic surgery is surgery to correct conditions of the jaw and face related to structure, growth, sleep apnea, TMJ disorders or to correct orthodontic problems that cannot be easily treated with braces. It is also used in treatment of congenital conditions like cleft palate. Bones can be cut and re-aligned, held in place with plates and screws. Augmentation/Reduction procedures like Chin augmentation, can be complementary to the main procedure and could be performed at the same time by the same surgeon.
  • Wisdom-tooth  ( 1 items )
    They are generally thought to be called wisdom teeth because they appear so late—much later than the other teeth, at an age where people are supposedly wiser than as a child, when the other teeth erupt.

    Potential problems caused by the presence of properly grown-in wisdom teeth include infections caused by food particles easily trapped in the jaw area behind the wisdom teeth where regular brushing and flossing is difficult and not effective. Such infections may be frequent, and cause considerable pain and medical danger.

    A wisdom tooth is extracted to correct an actual problem or to prevent problems that may come up in the future. Wisdom teeth are extracted for two general reasons: either the wisdom teeth have already become impacted, or the wisdom teeth could potentially become problematic if not extracted.

    Another reason to have a wisdom tooth removed if the tooth has grown in improperly, causing the tongue to brush up against it. The tongue can tolerate it for a limited time, until it causes a painful sensation, to the point where the sheer pain can numb the tongue affected, and the area around it (part of the lips, and the cheek).
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